The World and Everything in It: October 11, 2022

The World and Everything in It: October 11, 2022

MARY REICHARD, HOST: Good morning!

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Teen employment is more than just earning some pocket money.

NICK EICHER, HOST: We’ll consider some of the other benefits and drawbacks of youth and part-time jobs.

Also what’s ahead at the U.S. Supreme Court. 

And, honoring veterans:

And WORLD’s Emily Whitten reviews a couple science fiction novels.

REICHARD: It’s Tuesday, October 11th. This is The World and Everything within ItWORLD Radio is a listener-supported radio station. I’m Mary Reichard.

EICHER: And I’m Nick Eicher. Good morning!

REICHARD: Time for news with Kent Covington.

KENT COVINGTON – NEWS ANCHOR Russia hits more civilian targets » Russian missiles were dropped on Ukrainian cities on Monday.

AUDIO: [Kyiv rocket]

A rocket was heard striking a Kyiv residence.

At the UN headquarters in New York City, Ukrainian Ambassador Sergiy KYSLYTSYA stated that missile strikes had killed at least 14 civilians and injured approximately 100 others.

KYSLYTSYA. Russia has once again proven that it is a terrorist country by launching missile attacks against civilians asleep in their homes, rushing to work, and children going to school.

Multiple cities were hit with the lethal barrage, which smashed civilian targets and knocked out power and water, causing destruction of buildings.

While some missiles were believed to have targeted energy facilities, others hit civilian areas during morning rush hour. One missile hit a playground near downtown Kyiv.

Vladimir Putin claimed that the attacks were retribution for an explosion that destroyed a bridge linking Crimea and Russia.

Hurricane recovery » An army of 42,000 utility workers in Florida has restored electricity to more that 2.5 million homes and businesses in the wake Hurricane Ian.

Gov. Ron DeSantis…

DESANTIS – There are still some pockets of Lee County that have the Lee County Electrical Cooperative. All other providers are at 100%.

Fort Myers Beach and Fort Myers Beach in Lee County are ground zero for Hurricane Ian. Some neighborhoods have been almost destroyed.

More than 100 people were killed in the storm in Florida.

Nine dead as Julia drenches Central America » In Central America, remnants of Hurricane Julia continue to rain down torrential rainfalls on El Salvador and Guatemala.

Five people were killed when a hillside fell on their Guatemalan home, according to the Guatemalan government. El Salvador’s authorities said that five soldiers died when a wall collapsed at their house of refuge.

Officials also reported deaths from Nicaragua and Honduras. At least 19 people have been killed by the storm.

CA abortion ads in Texas » California Gov. Gavin Newsom has launched a new series out-of-state advertisements encouraging women to visit his state to have an abortion. WORLD’s Josh Schumacher has more.

JOSH SCHUMACHER REPORTER: A billboard that towers over a highway in Austin, Texas depicts a young woman holding her arms crossed and the words: “Need an abortion? Calfornia is ready to help.”

Newsom purchased billboards in Republican-led states. One of them featured a woman in handcuffs and the caption: “South Dakota doesn’t own your body. You do.”

He’s also running TV ads in other states.

And he’s paying for it with campaign dollars as he runs for reelection in California. This could help him to rise in the Democratic party before he runs for president.

Reporting for WORLD, I’m Josh Schumacher.

Former Fed Chair Bernanke shares Nobel » Ben Bernanke, former Federal Reserve Chair, was awarded Monday the Nobel Prize for Economics for his research on bank failures.

Bernanke’s study of bank failures during the Great Depression helped to shape America’s response to the Great Recession in 2007-2008.

Bernanke said that the Nobel committee cited Bernanke’s paper from nearly 40 years ago.

BERNANKE – The simple idea that the economic system can drive economic activity and unemployment was something this paper highlighted in 1983. This was contrary to conventional wisdom.

He’s sharing the prize with Douglas W. Diamond and Philip Dybvig on Monday for research that shows—in their words, “why avoiding bank collapses is vital.”

NoKo drills » North Korea claims that its recent barrages of missile launches have simulated nuclear strike against US targets. WORLD’s Kristen Flavin has more.

KRISTEN FLAVIN, REPORTER: Leader Kim Jong Un says the ballistic missile tests show that his military could—his words—“hit and wipe out” potential South Korean and U.S. targets.

Pyongyang Monday released a statement to state media claiming that Kim will launch more provocative missile testing.

The announcement is seen as an attempt reenforce Kim’s image as a strong leader at home. He also wants to make concessions in the nuclear talks with America.

According to state media, the missile tests were part of a response to recent naval drills between U.S. forces and South Korean forces.

Reporting for WORLD, I’m Kristen Flavin.

I’m Kent Covington. Straight ahead: The pros and cons of teenage employment

Also, we should be proud of our veterans.

This is The World and Everything within It.

MARY REICHARD, HOST: It’s Tuesday the 11th of October, 2022. This is WORLD Radio and we’re so glad you’ve joined us today! Good morning, I’m Mary Reichard.

NICK EICHER, HOST: And I’m Nick Eicher. First up, The World and Everything It Consists of: Young people and jobs.

The pandemic caused a drop in teen employment, but it is now back to pre-pandemic levels. What are the benefits of after-school jobs for high school students? Lauren Dunn speaks to experts and teens about the pros and disadvantages of high school employment.

LAUREN DUNN REPORTER: DJ Cain completed a job application for Chick-fila Wichita, Kansas in early last year. This was on his fourteenth birthday.

CAIN: My parents were both there managers. You know, it was just them coming back and talking about it. It intrigued me and, you know what, piqued my curiosity.

Cain knew that, as a 14-year-old, he could only work limited hours and jobs – no working with pressure fryers, for example. He wanted to learn the basics and be able to take on more responsibility when he grew up. Cain is now 15 and a team trainer for new staff members.

To work, the high school sophomore quit track and field and baseball. He cannot work due to child labor laws later than 7 pmFrom the time he turned 16 years old, he worked on weeknights so that his work schedule was not conflicted with team practice. To keep up with his schoolwork, he often brings along his books to work.

CAIN: I love to stay after work at seven o’clock and do my homework before I head home. That’s what helps me stay on top of school.

Nearly half teens ages 16-19In 1990, 1 in 3 youths had a job. In February 2020 1 in 3 youth between the ages of 15 and 18 had jobs. Two months later, 1 in 5 teens had jobs after COVID-19 restrictions closed many businesses. The numbers were almost 34 percent in August, just a few months after the pandemic.

Chelsea Daniel is the Youth Employment Project Coordinator at the Workforce Centers of South Central Kansas, Wichita. She said that in addition the obvious benefit of earning a living, students can also learn a lot while working.

DANIEL: Those interpersonal skills, those abilities – communicate, and think outside the box to problem solve with other generations – is a great way to do things. Because it’s what ties together a strong workforce is the ability to work across generations.

Daniel believes that students can make better decisions about what they want to do after graduation by getting work experience early.

She says that there is no one-size fits all approach to teen jobs. What extracurricular activities are they interested in? Daniel suggests students look at their course schedule and their extracurricular activities before deciding whether to work—or how much to work.

DANIEL: One of the things about working through high school is that you really have to find that sweet spot of balance that works for you…I don’t want somebody to go into work and then work, work, work, go to school, school, school and then be burnt out.

Like DJ Cain, many students find that their schedule can’t accommodate extracurricular activities, school, and a job. During the pandemic, some students began working – and didn’t come back to class.

Sandy Addis is the National Dropout Prevention Center’s chairman.

ADDIS: We may not have lost a lot of ‘em to jobs – we probably did lose some to employment – but students who are at risk and who are disengaged and disenchanted with school anyway, they look for an opportunity to drop…And the pandemic and going virtual gave them a perfect opportunity to disappear.

Jobs don’t have to work against school. Addis points studiesStudies show that students are most likely to continue school if they have a good career path.

ADDIS: It’s a big plus if the hours and the commitment are school-friendly. If the educators and the employers can connect and if there is a connection between work and task, it will be a huge plus.

Addis encourages employers to use their influence in a teen’s life to encourage them to take school seriously.

ADDIS: This has been done for years by coaches. You don’t attend, you don’t pass – you don’t play. You know, same thing works for employers: you don’t attend, you don’t pass – you don’t work. That is a message that kids will quickly get.

Matt Tompkins is one of DJ Cain’s supervisors. He estimates that at least 80-85 percent of the franchise location’s employees are high school students.

TOMPKINS: We love to choose kids who are involved in the community or in their school. We love hearing that they are involved in play, sports, and other activities. This shows that they have ambition, even early in their lives.

Teens who are involved in extracurricular activities often want to continue. Employers may face scheduling problems as a result. Tompkins is able to prepare by hiring more staff than the restaurant needs. Sometimes there are even teachable moments.

TOMPKINS – If they have a football match in two weeks, they must request to be allowed to play. But sometimes they don’t do that and they forget – last minute they say oh I need to because somebody picked up my shift for tomorrow night I forgot I have a school event, something like that. So they learn, you know, some of the components and those skills, such as being responsible with your daily life schedule.

Cain hopes to get back into sports once he is 16 and has more work hours. He keeps fit by working out in his spare hours.

CAIN: I feel like I’m going back to be a more team player in the next season. “it’s all me”But instead, a “we over me” mindset.

Cain plans to continue his education through college. He’s also considering a career at Chick-fil-a. In the meantime, he’s going to keep putting in time on the job. And learning.

CAIN: Sometimes, I can get frustrated by work. We all do, let’s face it. We just have to be humble if someone isn’t up to our standards. Sometimes, I just let it go. I’m still young. I’m still learning. Sometimes I feel less humble or frustrated. I am able to take a step back, humble myself, and then get back on my feet.

Reporting for WORLD, I’m Lauren Dunn.

MARY REICHARD, HOST: Today is Tuesday, October 11th. Thank you for choosing WORLD Radio as your starting point. Good morning. I’m Mary Reichard.

NICK EICHER, HOST: And I’m Nick Eicher. Next up The World and Everything within ItThe conclusion of Legal Docket Podcast 3! Mary, how are things going?

REICHARD: You know, it’s a little like how I imagine running a marathon might feel. Not that I’ll ever really know! I was there to cheer on a friend who ran it, but not before the Chicago Marathon. He was tired and covered in salt, but so relieved to see him at the finish. That’s sort of how I feel finishing up this season’s Legal Docket Podcast. And it’s not just me! Jenny Rough is my partner in writing and hosting, so let’s bring her in. Jenny, welcome!

JENNY ROUGH: Good Morning!

EICHER – Episode 10 of Legal Docket Podcast is now available. This episode is the last. Jenny, how are you feeling?

ROUGH – Just as Mary said!

EICHER: Some of you may have noticed that Episode 10 isn’t in the Legal Docket Podcast feed yet this morning, Mary and Jenny recorded the tracks yesterday afternoon and the technical team is hard at work finishing it up today, but it should be online sometime in the next 24 hours.

Jenny, this case was yours. Please tell us about the case and what you learned.

ROUGH: Well, we have a marathon theme going on here, but this time, it’s serious and sad. It has to do with the Boston Marathon. You’ll remember nine years ago. That’s when two brothers set off home made bombs right near the finish line.

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REICHARD: We cover two legal questions. One concerns jury bias. In this case, the jury pool was exposed to a lot of media coverage prior to the trial. The defendant requested that the court allow his lawyers to question prospective jurors about media bias. The idea was to see if they’ve already made up their mind about some aspect of the case.

EICHER: Here’s a short clip from Episode 10: Mayhem at the Marathon.

CRAIG WOOD: Now, in these high profile cases, media bias is always a big area of questioning because people have watched the television coverage … So they had their own ideas about the cases, and the lawyers are really going to be interested in that because they lawyers are going to want to know whether they’ve already made up their minds about, you know, in the Boston case, it would be very easy to contemplate that there are people that had been called to serve on this jury who watched the whole thing on television live when the boat was being searched, and everybody knew that he was in the boat, you can imagine the drama of that.

I know you both spend a lot time on each case. Not only do you listen to the arguments but also read the briefs and interview experts. Sometimes, you travel to get that information. You also understand the history and legal analysis. But I know that Jenny went even a step further in her research for this episode…actually running the Boston Marathon. How did this help you write this story?

ROUGH: I wanted to experience this great event, to walk—or rather, run—26.2 miles in those shoes. Participate in the story in a genuine, authentic way.

EICHER: That’s impressive and I can’t wait to hear the finished episode. Well, the Supreme Court has begun hearing arguments regarding this new term. Jenny, we talked about two of these cases yesterday. Talk about the cases the Supreme Court will hear next term.

REICHARD: The case of National Pork Producers Council against Ross is being argued today. There’s a movement to treat farm animals humanely, and California’s rules are especially stringent. But the people who raise the animals argue the rules raise costs too much and aren’t necessary. So here the question is whether California’s rules on how farm animals in other states are to be housed can dictate sales of meat within California.

ROUGH: Mary, let me add another biggie, it’s Students for Fair Admissions v Harvard. That’ll be argued at the end of the month. I’ve got some notes on this one: It asks whether race should be considered at all in admission policies of universities. This is the one where Asian students claim they are being discriminated against by Harvard. Harvard claims it tries to achieve racial equality in its student body. It calls it a “achievement of racial balance”. “holistic” admissions policy. Asian American applicants argue that Title VI of Civil Rights Act is violated by penalizing them for their race.

REICHARD: This term will see a case that could resolve litigation that pits religious freedom against LGBT demands. Jack Phillips won a narrow victory in court five years ago. He is the Colorado baker that declined to make custom wedding cakes for gay couples on religious grounds. But that narrow victory didn’t resolve the bigger issue of how far laws that protect LGBT rights can go to force religious people to say things they don’t believe.

Lorie Smith is a web designer and wants to create websites for people. She is a Christian who believes marriage should be between one man and one wife. Smith would like to post a notice about it on her website. Which she is well aware will put her in the LGBT crosshairs saying she is violating Colorado’s anti-discrimination laws.

EICHER: Lots to look forward to, and I’ll add that the court’s calendar isn’t yet filled so many more disputes will be added in the months to come. Mary and Jenny, Legal Docket Season Four preparations are underway!

MARY REICHARD, HOST: Today is Tuesday, October 11th. This is WORLD Radio and we’re glad you’re here.

Good morning. I’m Mary Reichard

NICK EICHER, HOST: And I’m Nick Eicher. Next up The World and Everything within It: Honoring our Veterans 

You may already be thinking about how you’ll pay tribute this year to the men and women who have served our country.

November 11th is Veterans Day. But WORLD’s Myrna Brown met a group of volunteers committed to serving military heroes and their families—year round.


HOWTON: I don’t see 5-A…

Diane Howton, United States Navy Veteran Burl Huit Howton Jr. was buried here two months ago.

HOWTON: He was a member of the USS Hornet and served two tours in Vietnam.

The slender, 73-year-old grandmother is anxious to see her late husband’s new burial plaque. As she searches to find his name in marble, sweet thoughts from weeks past flood her thoughts: Other vets standing sharply at the Veterans Memorial Cemetery in shiny shoes and darkblues.

XO O OFFICER: Honor Guard Ten Hut

DIANE HOWTON : I told my grandson. I told my grandson that the honor guard was here.

XO O OFFICER: Present Arms

DIANE HOWTON : It made me weep. I thought, “My sweet man is being honored” by the military.

XO OFFICER: Half Right Face Ready, Aim, Fire, Aim, Fire, Aim…

DIANE HOWTON – I was sobbing when they gave me the 21 gun salute.

XO OFFICER – Recover. Present Arms (taps Plays)

DIANE HOWTON: Oh my, when the bugle was played I don’t think there was a dry eye. I wanted hugged each one.

Navy Veteran Henry Sowell still remembers that day well.

HENRY SOWELL: First of all, we’re honored to be there. It’s a privilege that none of us take for granted.

Sowell was one of the original members of the Armed Forces Honor Guard. It’s a private, Army-certified organization. Its members represent the Army, Navy Marines, Air Force and Coast Guard. They all get along!

SOWELL – We cut up, then we make fun of ourselves and carry on. But when it’s time to perform our service, we’re dead serious about what we do.

The group promotes patriotism by providing color guards for various events. Its primary mission is to support other veterans and their families in times of greatest need.

SOWELL: I’ve done as many as nine funerals in a week and then we’ll have a week or a week and a half where we won’t have anything.

They were part of 176 local military funerals last year. Today is their training day.

SOWELL TO MEMBERS: It’s like this…You want one star at the top, three across the middle and five across the bottom. That’s what they call a perfect flag. Ok, let’s go ahead and get started.

Each month, team members sharpen their skills two times per month. There’s bugle training, rifle volley drills, and what some consider the most difficult task: the folding and presentation of the flag. The flag is one the most prestigious honors bestowed upon a veteran in recognition of their loyal and honorable service. Larry Rutherford, Len Barker and their 11-foot distance between them, begin folding and tucking.

LARRY TO SOWELL You do a flip to come down…

Rutherford was a member of the Air Force. He’s the stuffer, the person responsible for tucking the flag. Barker, a Marine, serves as the flag folder. The two must work together to present a perfect flag. Everything is important. Where you put your hands…

SOWELL INSTRUCTION: Don’t pull your hand out too fast because you’ll take the flag out with you.

Your feet…

AUDIO: [Both of you take a half step back now]

Your eyes are a good indicator of your partner’s intentions.

TRAINING: He’s looking at my eyes and I’m looking at where I think he needs to fix it.

This honor guard has 23 volunteers. Most are retired. Randall Ware, an Army veteran, is the oldest and the youngest at 51. He’ll be 92 in November.

RANDALL WARE : I love to serve my country.

Ware and his comrades hope that younger veterans with flexible schedules, will take part in the honor guard. It’s an opportunity for them to once again serve their country by serving families like Diane Howton’s. Here’s retired Air Force pilot, Don Stuart.

DON STUART – We hope that when we see our loved ones trying so hard, that will lead to a feeling of appreciation for what they did.

Diane Howton: Mission accomplished!

HOWTON: My family was touched by this moment. And when they folded the flag and handed me the flag…I had his flag framed. It will be in his study, along with all his military items.

She finally finds the marker that bears the name of her 56-year-old husband at the cemetery.

HOWTON: (Gasps)… oh… oh… oh….oh…(sobs) oh my sweet boy…


Reporting for WORLD, I’m Myrna Brown in Spanish Fort, Alabama.

NICK EICHER, HOST: Today is Tuesday, October 11th. Good morning! This is The World and Everything within ItWORLD Radio is a listener-supported radio station. I’m Nick Eicher.

MARY REICHARD, HOST: And I’m Mary Reichard. Next: What are the limits of science in relation to human intelligence? 

WORLD’s Emily Whitten says two recent books help Christians think through that question.

AUDIOBOOK: Would you be smarter if you knew all the Wikipedia articles? It depends on your definition of intelligence.

EMILY WHITTEN, REVIEWER: That’s a clip from the audiobook version of Robert J. Marks II new book The Non-Computable You: What you Do That Artificial Intelligence Will Never Do. Marks, a Baylor University Distinguished Professor, has spent a lot of time thinking about intelligence. He is an electrical engineer and computer engineer. He’s also spent his career creating computer programs that mimic human thinking. And while computers can do amazing things–he says they’ll never become human.

AUDIOBOOK: Basically, for computers or artificial intelligence, there’s no other game in town. All computer programs use algorithms. Anything that is not algorithmic is beyond the reach and capabilities of AI.

Marks takes the reader deep into the science to support his argument. Casual readers may not be able to follow his reasoning. But he does aid readers with pop-culture references and a chapter on real world implications—I found the section on killer robots especially intriguing.

Another new book that deals with similar themes in a more exciting way–Blake Crouch’s sci-fi novel, Upgrade. Here’s a FanfiAddict interview with Crouch.

CROUCHThis article is about genetic engineering and the implications for humanity. It’s about a guy named Logan Ramsay, it’s set in the near future. He’s with an agency called the Gene Protection Agency….

Ramsay and his GPA partner, Henrik Soren track a potential criminal to Denver’s airport.

AUDIOBOOK: ‘My flight’s about to board.’ ‘You aren’t going to Tokyo, not tonight.’ See the woman sitting at the high top behind us? That’s my partner, Agent Netman. Agent Netman is waiting in the wings with the airport police. You have the option of me pulling you out or you can just walk. But you must make a decision right now.

Ramsay is given intel from Soren that leads him to a secret laboratory, where he is exposed to a gene-editing virus.

AUDIOBOOK: We know that someone infected me with a package designed to alter my DNA. We assumed, big mistake, it didn’t work. It was evidently a sleeper package that remained dormant for the first few months.

Ramsay soon becomes sharper and stronger in almost all aspects. This genetic trait is a hallmark of Ramsay’s success. “upgrade” opens new doors–but it also isolates him from his family and makes him the enemy of those who want to force their upgrade on the rest of humanity.

Like a Jason Bourne movie, Crouch provides plenty of action–with daring escapes and fights. His characters use offensive language and their evolutionary framework leads to terrible misjudgments.

Take care to read both Non-ComputableRobert J Marks Upgrade by Blake Crouch can help us think through important scientific and ethical challenges in our day–and the days to come.

I’m Emily Whitten.

NICK EICHER, HOST: Tomorrow: The Biden administration and the conflict in Ukraine. Join us for Washington Wednesday, and the World Tour.

Plus, one girl’s story on coming to terms with a disability.

All of this and more tomorrow.

I’m Nick Eicher.

MARY REICHARD, HOST: And I’m Mary Reichard.

The World and Everything within ItWORLD Radio brings you this message.

WORLD’s mission is biblically objective journalism that informs, educates, and inspires.

The Bible states: Let us then confidently draw near to the throne and grace, so that we may receive mercy as well as grace to help us in times of need. (Heb 4:16 ESV)

Now, in grace and peace.

WORLD Radio transcripts can be created in a hurry. This text may not be final and may be revised or updated in the future. The accuracy and availability of the information may be subject to change. The audio record is the authoritative record of WORLD Radio programming.

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